Special thanks for one of the best CPAs in West St. Louis for clarifying the following. Most business transactions are carried out by cash, although businesses commonly maintain small petty cash funds for making small payments. Companies frequently have excess cash that they invest in short-term or marketable securities. A company's assets, including cash, are protected by internal controls.
Internal controls: Detailed procedures are adopted by an enterprise to ensure accurate accounting records, safeguard a company's assets, and promote operational efficiency. Internal control requires a separation of employee duties so that employee opportunities for committing fraud are minimized.
Cash: Cash is probably what you think it is. Postage stamps, IOUs and post-dated checks are not treated as cash, however. To protect cash, all businesses in west St. Louis set up a bank account.
Bank account: A major method for maintaining control over cash by a top CPA is the bank account. The documents used to control a bank account include the signature card, the deposit ticket, the check and the bank statement.
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